2016 OCAT Institute Annual Lectures—Wu Hung Space in Art History

Through June 22, 2016

Begins
Jun. 20

2016年6月20-22日,由OCAT研究中心主办、芝加哥大学北京中心协办的2016 OCAT年度讲座系列在北京举行。2016年度讲演人为芝加哥大学艺术史学家、策展人及评论家巫鸿先生,年度讲座总标题为“空间的美术史”。本次讲座的核心议题企图将长期出现于美术史写作中的“空间”概念进行整合与反思,并将“空间”提升到与“图像”对于图像学、“形式”对于风格分析相当的方法论高度。同时,讲座企图通过对中国美术史中一些核心材料的分析来推进美术史方法在全球范围内的沿革。年度讲座分为三期,分别以二维图像的空间再现(“空间与图像”)、三维器物的空间结构(“空间与物”)、以及墓葬和宗教艺术的总体空间(“空间与整体美术”)为主题次第展开。三期讲座同时设有三位对谈嘉宾,他们分别为中央美术学院的郑岩教授、浙江大学的沈语冰教授和广州美术学院的李清泉教授。三期活动反响热烈,引起了国内众多美术史学子的关注和思考。


From June 20 to June 22, 2016, the 2016 OCAT Annual Lecture Series, organized by the OCAT Institute, was held at the University of Chicago Center in Beijing. As the 2016 Annual Lecturer, the renowned art historian, curator, and critic Wu Hung from the University of Chicago delivered a three-part lecture series entitled Space in Art History. The lectures offered an integrated reflection on the methodological potential of space as a concept within art historical research, and proposed to elevate space to a level on par with image and form as employed in iconology and stylistic analysis respectively. Moreover, the lectures sought to excavate the pontential contribution of Chinese art history to the discipline’s methodology on a global scale through a sustained engagement with some of the key materials within Chinese art itself. The three lectures unfolded in a thematic sequence, from spatial representation in two-dimensional image (Space and Image), to spatial structure in three-dimensional artefacts (Space and Object) and total space in funerary and religious art (Space and Total Art). Three guest interlocutors were invited to the lectures: Professor Zheng Yan from Central Academy of Fine Arts, Professor Shen Yubing from Zhejiang University, and Professor Li Qingquan from Guangzhou Academy of Fine Arts. The lecture series was met with enthusiatic attendance and responses, and incited much discussion and reflection among the scholarly community in China.

 

空间的美术史

主讲:巫鸿

第一讲:空间与图像

2016年6月20日 下午4点至7点

对话嘉宾:郑岩

第二讲:空间与物

2016年6月21日 下午4点至7点

对话嘉宾:沈语冰

第三讲:空间与整体美术

2016年6月22日 下午4点至7点

对话嘉宾:李清泉

 

协办: 芝加哥大学北京中心

支持:北京世纪华侨城实业有限公司

 

“空间的美术史”主题阐释

这个讲座系列所考虑是建立美术史研究中的一个方法论的可能性。

美术史对视觉对象的分析长期以来围绕“图像”(image) 和“形式”(form) 这两个核心概念展开,但“空间”(space) 及与之有关的概念(如liminal space阈界, feminine space 女性空间,political space 政治空间,positional significance位置意义、layering层累,front-and-back composition正反构图, 等等)不断出现在我的美术史写作中,开始形成观察、描述和解释美术作品中的一个框架。但至今我还没有在方法论的层面上,对“空间”在美术史操作中的应用进行整体的反思和总结。

这个反思提出以下问题:以“空间”为核心的研究方法在美术史学科的发展中有何根据和逻辑?“空间”的概念是否有包容和超越“图像”及“形式”的潜能?这种潜能是否表现为对于客体(object)、主体(subject)和原境(context)等常规概念的打破和连接? 对这些问题的追寻能否导致一套研究和解释方法,一方面超越图像、建筑和文化的习惯性分野,一方面将客体、原境和主体纳入一个整合的分析过程?

虽然“空间”不是形象和物件,但它在美术和建筑中总是具体的,非抽象的。这三个讲座将通过对我以前做过的中国美术史的个案进行总结和再思考,对“空间分析”的语汇和方法进行初步提炼。

 

巫鸿

2016

 

巫鸿学术简历

美国文理学院院士,著名艺术史家、 批评家、策展人。1972—1978年在故宫博物院书画组和金石组工作。1978-1980年就读于中央美术学院美术史系,获美术史硕士学位。1980—1987年就读于哈佛大学,获美术史与人类学双重博士学位。随即在哈佛大学美术史系任教,于1994年获终身教授职位。之后受聘主持芝加哥大学亚洲艺术的教学、研究项目,执“斯德本特殊贡献教授”讲席。2000年建立芝加哥大学东亚艺术研究中心并任主任。同年兼任该校斯马特美术馆顾问策展人。

巫鸿的第一本专著《武梁祠:中国古代画像艺术的思想性》(1989)获全美亚洲学年会最佳著作奖。权威性的《Art Forum》杂志将其随后的《中国古代艺术和建筑中的纪念碑性》(1995) 评为“1990年代世界最佳美术史著作”之一。《重屏:中国绘画的媒介和表现》(1996) 获全美最佳美术史著作提名。其它专著包括《再造北京:天安门广场和一个政治空间的创造》(2005, 未翻译),《黄泉下的美术:宏观中国古代墓葬》(2010),《废墟的故事:中国美术和视觉文化中的“在场”与“缺席”》(2012),《当代中国美术:一个历史叙事》(2014,未翻译)等。其它著作、论文集和主编的书籍达几十种。

自1984年起巫鸿策划了几十个有关中国当代艺术的展览,其中比较大型的包括《瞬间:二十世纪末的中国当代艺术》(1998,芝加哥),《取缔:在中国展览实验艺术》(2000,芝加哥),《首届广州三年展》(2002),《过去和未来之间:中国新影像展》(2004,纽约), 《“美”的协商》(2005,柏林),《第6届光州双年展》首部(2006),《亚洲再想象》(2008 ,柏林),《三峡大坝与中国当代艺术》(2008, 芝加哥),《天人之际I-II》(2014-15,上海) 等。

 

关于OCAT研究中心年度讲座

“OCAT研究中心年度讲座”项目作为一个致力促进当代艺术史研究的开放性项目,旨在为探索当代思想境遇、重申当代艺术实践潜在历史的研究提供一个交流与对话的平台,帮助国内思想界和艺术界直接接触到国际前沿的学术动态,并借以建立和深化二者间的交流与沟通。作为OCAT研究中心公共项目的重要组成部分之一,它也将昭示和宣传该学术机构在广泛的人文学科的基础上进行艺术研究的基本理念。

作为OCAT研究中心的开馆项目,2015“OCAT研究中心年度讲座”邀请法国哲学家、艺术史学家乔治·迪迪-于贝尔曼(Georges Didi-Huberman),于2015年6月 23日至25日进行了题为“图像,历史,诗歌:关于爱森斯坦的三场视觉艺术讲座”的三场学术讲座。OCAT研究中心也围绕着乔治·迪迪-于贝尔曼的代表性论著与策展实践中蕴含的学术思想,策划和主办了系列的公共对话活动以及“乔治·迪迪-于贝尔曼研讨班”,三期研讨班分别题为“瓦尔堡的遗产”、“蒙太奇与潜意识文献”和“图像,历史,诗歌”,从2014年10月至2015年6月进行。同时,乔治·迪迪-于贝尔曼也受邀为OCAT研究中心策划开馆展“记忆的灼痛”,这一系列活动引起了国内外艺术界与学术界的重视和讨论。

2016“OCAT研究中心年度讲座”邀请美国芝加哥大学巫鸿(Wu Hung)教授作为主讲人,讲座主题为“空间的美术史”,于2016年6月20日至22日在芝加哥大学北京中心举行 。围绕这个讲座项目, 从2015年底至2016年9月,OCAT研究中心将陆续主办研讨班、对谈、展览、出版等公共项目。“巫鸿研讨班系列”作为这个计划中的首个学术项目共分为三期,由广州美术学院副教授郭伟其担任主持人。 第一期 “从纪念碑到废墟”,第二期 “重构中的美术史”已分别于去年12月和今年4月成功举办,第三期研讨班“艺术史与视觉考古”将在年度讲座第三讲的次日6月23日举行。 由巫鸿策划的“关于展览的展览:90年代的当代艺术展示”亦将于6月26日开幕。

 

Space in Art History
Lecturer: Wu Hung

“Space and Image”: June 20, 2016, 4–7pm
Guest Interlocutor: Zheng Yan

“Space and Objects”: June 21, 4–7pm
Guest Interlocutor: Shen Yubing

“Space and Total Art”: June 22, 4–7pm
Guest Interlocutor: Li Qingquan

Co-organizer: The University of Chicago Center in Beijing
Support: Beijing OCT.

 

Space in Art History

This lecture series considers the possibility of establishing a new methodology in the study of art history.

For a long time, analysis in art history has revolved around two central concepts, namely, “image” and “form”. But the term “space” and concepts related to space (including “liminal space”, “feminine space”, “political space”, “positional significance”, “layering”, “front-and-back composition”, etc.) have frequently appeared in my art historical writings and begun to form a framework that I use for observing, describing and interpreting works of art. Before now, however, I have not reflected upon the use of space in art historical practices in a comprehensive, methodological sense.

This realization raises the following questions: What ground or logic can be found in the development of the study of art history for a research methodology centered around “space”? Can this new methodology help break open and then reconfigure conventional links between object, subject and context? Can the pursuit of these questions lead to a new set of research and analytic methods, which would reach beyond the conventional divide between image, architecture and culture, and also incorporate the study of objects, context, and subject into an integrated process of analysis?

Although space differs from image and object, it is always concrete and never abstract in art and architecture. This series of three lectures will conduct a preliminary survey of “spatial analysis” as a research methodology in the study of art history through a summary of and a reflection on my past case studies in Chinese art history.

Wu Hung

2016

 

About Wu Hung

 

Wu Hung, a permanent member of the American Academy of Art and Science, is a famous art historian, critic, and curator. Currently he holds the Harrie A. Vanderstappen Distinguished Service Professorship at the Department of Art History and the Department of East Asian Languages and Civilizations at the University of Chicago, and is also the director of the Center for the Art of East Asia and the Consulting Curator at the Smart Museum at the same university. He sits on many international committees including Guggenheim Museum’s Asian Art Council, and chairs the Academic Committees of OCT Contemporary Art Terminal and Yuz Museum. Wu Hung’s research interests include both traditional and contemporary art. Regarding contemporary art, he has curated many exhibitions since the 1980s, including individual artists’ one-person shows, thematic group exhibitions, and biennales and triennials. In addition to the catalogues that he compiled for these exhibitions, he has published many influential books and anthologies, including Making History: Wu Hung on Contemporary Art (2008), Wu Hung on Contemporary Chinese Artists (2009), Contemporary Chinese Art: Primary Documents (2010), and Contemporary Chinese Art: A History (2014).

 

About OCAT Institute Annual Lecture

 

As an open initiative dedicated to research in art history, the OCAT Institute Annual Lecture Series intends to delineate the contour of contemporary thought, reexamine potential histories of contemporary art and create a platform of exchange and dialogue between the academic community in China and abroad. As one of the essential components of OCAT Institute’s public educational program, it promotes an approach to research that draws from a wide range of disciplines in the Humanities.

 

As the opening project of the OCAT Institute, the Annual Lectures invited the eminent French philosopher and art historian Georges Didi-Huberman to give 3 lectures on “Image, History, Poem: 3 Lectures on the Visual Art of S.M.Eisenstein” from 23-25 June in 2015. As part of this project, from October 2014 to June 2015, the OCAT Institute also organized a series of public forums and a three-part “Georges Didi-Huberman Research Seminar”, the latter comprised three distinct topics, namely, “The Legacy of Aby Warburg”, “Montage and the Unconscious Archives”, and “Image, History, Poem”. During the same period of time, Georges Didi-Huberman was also invited to curate the “Opening Exhibition” of the OCAT Institute, titled “Memory Burns”. This series of events inspired discussion and drew the attention of academics and art historians both in China and abroad.

 

In 2016, the OCAT Institute Annual Lectures invites Professor Wu Hung from the University of Chicago to lecture on “Space in Art History”. The event will be held at the University of Chicago Center in Beijing on 20-22 June 2016. Starting from the end of 2015 to September 2016, the OCAT Institute will host a variety of public events including research seminars, discussions, exhibitions, and publications. The three-part “Wu Hung Seminar Series”, directed by Associate Professor Guo Weiqi from the Guangzhou Academy of Fine Arts, is the first academic program of this project. Its first and second part, “From Monument to Ruins” and “Art History in Reconstruction”, successfully took place in December last year and April this year. The final part of this seminar series will take place on 23 June, following the third lecture of the Annual Lectures. “An Exhibition About Exhibitions: Displaying Contemporary Art in the 1990s”, an exhibition curated by Wu Hung, will also open on 26 June.