Beijing: the Capital of Biodiversity

  • British wildlife conservationist Terry Townshend gives a public lecture on Beijing's high level of biodiversity.

  • Mr. Townshend introduces the "East Asian-Australasian Flyway", the migratory path for birds travelling between Siberia and Australasia.

  • Mr. Townshend describes the anatomy, behavior, and evolutionary distinction of the Beijing Swift.

  • Mr. Townshend shares the unexpected discovery of the Beijing Swift's direct migratory flight from Beijing to South Africa.

  • A local student asks a question regarding the Beijing Cuckoo's migratory patterns.

7:00–9:00 pm
University of Chicago Center in Beijing
20th Floor, Culture Plaza
59A Zhong Guan Cun Street
Haidian District, Beijing


On July 31, the University of Chicago Center in Beijing hosted British wildlife conservationist Terry Townshend in a public lecture about Beijing’s unexpected status as one of the world’s best capital cities for wildlife and biodiversity. The lecture drew an audience of 50 people, a mix of students and adult professionals interested in the topic. Dali Yang, William Claude Reavis Professor in the Department of Political Science at the University of Chicago, hosted the talk.

Working and living in Beijing as a conservationist for the last 9 years, Terry Townshend has been dedicated to encouraging people to learn and understand more about the local environment. In his lecture at the Center in Beijing, he spoke about his projects tracking two of Beijing’s iconic birds – the Beijing Swift and the Beijing Cuckoo – and how modern technology has allowed new understanding of these birds’ incredible migrations.

According to Mr. Townshend, more than 500 species of bird have been recorded in Beijing, more than most major capital cities, including London, Paris, Washington D.C. and Canberra. So many species of bird can be seen in Beijing, because the city lies along a migratory path for birds – the "East Asian-Australasian Flyway” - as they fly back and forth from Siberian breeding grounds to southern and southeastern Asia, with some travelling as far as Australasia.

With specific interest in the Beijing Swift and Beijing Cuckoo, Mr. Townshend spoke about how recent advances in technology allowed him and a team of scientists and volunteer bird enthusiasts to attach data-tracking devices to record the yearly migratory patterns of these two birds, with shocking results. According to the data, after leaving the capital in late July, the Beijing Swift flies to South Africa via the Middle East, returning the following April, almost certainly without landing.  The Beijing Cuckoo, whose winter destination was previously unknown, was shown to cross the Arabian Sea to the eastern African coast during the winter. As well as making scientific discoveries, these two projects also engaged thousands of people about bird migration and resulted in some unforeseen outcomes.  For example, students from several local schools volunteered to create makeshift nests to help the Beijing Swift find new homes in Beijing’s changing urban landscape, and also led to local students persuading the CEO of one of China’s leading property developers to enact new ecological designs in its future buildings to support population growth of the Beijing Swift.

The University of Chicago Center in Beijing is grateful to Mr. Townshend for having the time to share his expertise with us and look forward to positive developments in his research and work.

About Terry Townshend

Terry Townshend is a British wildlife conservationist living and working in Beijing. Through his website - - he celebrates the birds and other wildlife that can be found in and around China’s vibrant capital city.

Terry is dedicated to encouraging people to learn, and care, about the environment and set up projects to track two of Beijing's most iconic birds - the Beijing Swift and the Beijing Cuckoo - discovering for the first time their wintering grounds and migration routes whilst involving local schools. In 2017 he devised and, in collaboration with ShanShui Conservation Center at Peking University, helped set up an innovative community-based wildlife watching tourism project with yak herder families in Sanjiangyuan Pilot National Park on the Tibetan Plateau. All tourism revenue stays in the local community and the project was recently awarded the first official community-based tourism concession in a National Park in China.

With a professional background in environmental law, Terry was the lead author of the first two editions of the groundbreaking Global Climate Legislation Study, examining climate change-related laws across the world, and remains a co-author today. He has presented the results of the study to the US Senate, Mexican Congress, Japanese Diet, South Korean National Assembly and the UK parliament, and is an adviser to the Chinese government on the development of their climate change law.

Terry has found several new birds for Beijing, including the capital’s first Tree Pipit in the UK Ambassador’s garden. In early 2015 he was delighted to take up a Directorship with EcoAction, a new and innovative Chinese company dedicated to ecotourism and environmental education. In 2018 he became a Fellow of the Paulson Institute, supporting their conservation program. He has a prominent media profile, often being asked to comment on environmental issues and

featuring on mainstream TV (CCTV, Phoenix TV, BBC World), radio (BBC World Service, Beijing Radio), lifestyle magazines, national and international newspapers (including New York Times, Financial Times, Washington Post, Wall Street Journal, The Guardian). Terry is a member of the BirdLife International Global Advisory Group and a Brand Ambassador for Swarovski Optik.