Through November 11, 2011
The CGSS-GSS Collaborative Symposium was held at Renmin University and the University of Chicago Center in Beijing. Since NORC at the University of Chicago conducts GSS on American society and NSRC (National Survey Research Center) at Renmin University surveys Chinese society, this symposium helped each group to understand the other’s work in the same field, to make existing Chinese GSS (CGSS) data available to the scholars in the U.S. and to enhance NSRC’s expertise and capability in their CGSS work.
(The National Survey Research Center at Renmin University of China also covered this event.)
Through a variety of channels, including the launch of the University of Chicago Center in Beijing in 2010, the University of Chicago and Renmin University have cooperated in a variety of disciplines (business and economics, sociology, arts, Chinese study, religious studies) and arenas (conferences, student exchange, and joint research).The proposed NORC and NSRC initiative is therefore a natural extension of the broad-based collaboration between the two institutions and promises to significantly deepen social science collaboration between the two institutions and by extension the two societies (since the data will be shared not just by individuals based in the two institutions).
In January 2011, Renmin University Vice President Yuan Wei, who also directs the National Survey Research Center (NSRC), led a NSRC delegation to visit NORC at the University of Chicago and reached an understanding for further collaboration between NORC and NSRC. Since then Professor Dali Yang of the University of Chicago has visited NSRC three times and stayed in frequent contact with NSRC to discuss concrete steps for substantive collaboration.
In this NORC-NSRC collaboration, the short-term goal was to have a GSS-CGSS symposium in November 2011 in order to understand each other’s work in the same field, to make existing CGSS data available to the scholars in the U.S., and to enhance NSRC’s expertise and capability in their CGSS work. The long-term goal is to make NSRC’s existing, ongoing and upcoming CGSS data available to social scientists not only in Chinese but also in English, in accordance with the protocols for public data dissemination in the U.S. In order to do so, we will use part of the funds for the costs of coordinator’s work, of data cleaning, editing and translating.
Activities and Methodologies
In 1984, the GSS was co-founder of the International Social Survey Program (ISSP) along with similar institutes in Great Britain, Germany, and Australia. From the founding four, the ISSP has grown to cover 47 countries (including China) and has conducted an annual survey each year since 1985. By now, the ISSP has over 4,200 publications. As such, the ISSP has been a leader in developing the methodology of cross-national survey research and organized the 2008 International Conference on Survey Methods in Multinational, Multiregional, and Multicultural Contexts which led to the publication by Smith and other editors of Multinational, Multicultural,and Multiregional Survey Methods (New York: Wiley & Sons, 2010). Smith is also co-editor of Charting the Globe: The International Social Survey Program, 1984-2009 (London: Routledge, 2009), which was awarded the “Best Publication by an International Scholar” Award by the American Sociological Association Section on Global and Transnational Sociology.
Based on NORC’s four decades of conducting the GSS and the over 25 years of leading the ISSP, NORC and the GSS seek to work closely with NSRC and the CGSS to optimize the design, execution, and dissemination of the CGSS. Of course it is not the case that American models and procedures would be directly “transferred”and applied to China. Such an approach would be fundamentally flawed. As experience with the 40-some nations in the ISSP has repeatedly demonstrated, while each country benefits from studying the practices of other institutes in other countries, attempts to simply duplicate and enforce foreign procedures are unproductive. Flexible adaptation rather than rigid imposition is needed.
It is particularly useful to apply the total survey error paradigm to the GSS and CGSS so data quality and reliability can be rigorously assessed. Then, the quality of the two surveys can be evaluated and “comparison error” across the surveys can be addressed. This approach is the best way to insure that all cross-national comparisons reflect real similarities and differences across the societies and not artificial differences resulting from differential quality across surveys.
In order to achieve the above goals, we plan to enhance GSS-CGSS collaboration as follows:
1) The GSS-CGSS symposium in November 2011at Renmin University/University of Chicago Center in Beijing allowed key participants in GSS and CGSS to update each other on technical aspects of the surveys, share experiences in dealing with survey-related problems, stimulate discussions on the processing and dissemination of data and related research, generally to foster an open culture for survey collaboration and in-depth research, and to understand the question of to what extent CGSS has promoted China Studies so far among Chinese scholars.
2) This symposium/workshop facilitated the building of stakeholder relations, including the agreement on the MOU (under discussion) and data use agreements. It played an important role in helping to establish the norms and parameters as well as certain milestones for further exchange and collaboration, leading to the development of a long-term, larger and more structured collaboration between each other,and constantly making CGSS available to English-speaking scholars for their research on China.
3) More technically, because NORC has conducted the GSS for nearly 40 years and has accumulatedsignificant experience in doing so, it can provide personnel at NSRC valuable advice on general issues of sampling, survey design, field administration, data checking, and quality control. The GSS can share experiences on serving the social science user community and provide insight into the study of societal change as well as cross-national comparisons and collaboration (e.g. the International Social Survey Program). In time, the building of a collaborative relationship between GSS and CGSS may lead to the joint development and implementation of questions that allow for the comparative study of the U.S. and China.
4) The inception of CGSS in 2003 has contributed to the systematic development of rigorous social science research in China, especially the measurement and explanation of societal trends. This GSS-CGSS Symposium is an opportunity for American survey researchers and scholars to better know the CGSS survey researchers and their work. For the symposium, the Renmin NSRC will offer their perspective by dealing with the following questions: To what extent have Chinese scholars used the CGSS Data in their studies on China in the fields of Sociology, Political Sciences and Economics? And to what extent have their academic works interacted with and influenced on China’s public policy? More specifically, what have Chinese scholars done or achieved in using the CGSS data? What have been the most likely or greatest challenges to the success of their researches on China? What are they looking forward in their studies?
5) In the same way, in order to help Chinese scholars to understand American scholars’ works, NORC will produce a presentation for the Symposium about the question of to what extent American scholars have used the GSS data in their researches on American society in the fields of sociology, political science and economics
Organizers: ZHU Jingsheng, NORC, University of Chicago and WANG Weidong, NSRC ,Renmin University of China; sponsoring organization, the Ford Foundation.
November 9th (Wednesday)
9:00-9:30 Opening Remarks: YUAN Wei, Dali YANG, WANG Feng
Morning Session Moderator: FENG Shizheng
9:30-10:30 Tom W. SMITH, Jibum KIM, “The National Data Program for the Social Sciences:
The General Social Survey and the International Social Survey Program, 1972-2010”
Tom W. SMITH, Jibum KIM, “社会科学国家数据项目：综合社会调查和国际社会
Q & A 自由提问
11:00-12:00 LI Lulu, WANG Weidong, “Chinese General Social Survey, 2003-2010”
Q & A 自由提问
Afternoon Session Moderator: LIU Jingming
13:30-14:45 Ned ENGLISH, “Area Samples at NORC: The GSS 2012 Design”
Ned ENGLISH,“NORC的区域抽样：GSS 2012的抽样设计”
REN Qiang, “An Overview of Chinese Family Panel Studies”
Q & A 自由提问
15:15-16:30 TANG Lina, “Address Based Sampling of CGSS Cycle II”
LI Wei , “An Overview of China Social Survey”
Q & A 自由提问
November 10th (Thursday)
Session Moderator: GUAN Xinping
9:30-10:30 Norman M. BRADBURN, “A Cognitive Approach to Questionnaire Construction”
Norman M. BRADBURN,“问卷建构中的认知法”
JIN Yongjin, “The Sampling Design of CGSS Cycle I and Cycle II”
Q & A 自由提问
Session Moderator: BAI Hongguang
11:00-12:00 FENG Shizheng, “Overtime Work and Social Inequality in Urban China:
Evidences from CGSS 2006”
XIE Guihua, “Comparative Research on Socioeconomic Status of Migrants
Q & A 自由提问
Afternoon Session Moderator: XING Zhanjun
13:30-14:45 YIN Zhichao, “An Overview of China Household Finance Survey”
Karen GRIGORIAN, “Survey Research Projects at NORC:
Managing the Human Element (Part 1)”
Q & A 自由提问
15:15-16:15 Lauren DOERR, “Survey Research Projects at NORC:
Managing the Human Element (Part 2)”
Q & A 自由提问
16:15-16:30 Closing Remarks: Dali YANG
November 11st (Friday)
9:00-11:00 Business Meeting between NSRC and NORC
( at the University of Chicago Center in Beijing )
NSRC-NORC 双边工作会议 （芝大北京中心）
9:00-11:30 NSRC and NORC Survey Experts Gathering
( at NSRC Office, Rm213, Mingde Bldg, Renmin University )