Industrial Co-Development: MNC manufacturing strategies in China

All day
Through July 16, 2011
The University of Chicago Center in Beijing
Culture Plaza  20th floor
59A  Zhongguancun Street, Haidian District, Beijing  100872

Jul. 13

China’s position within the global manufacturing division of labor is changing rapidly, particularly in light of uncertainties brought on by the recent financial crisis.  This conference brought together scholars from Japan, Korea, America, Germany, Holland and Sweden who are interested in how foreign complex technology manufacturing MNCs are reconfiguring their Chinese operations from mere export processing platforms to significant bases of operations for development and entry into local markets. Specific questions that will be discussed include the nature of the relationship between Chinese and foreign operations in terms of product development and labor and specialization, the impact of a growing presence in China on MNCs’ home operations, and the uniqueness of the Chinese experience among emerging economies.

Organizers: Gary Herrigel (Department of Political Science) and Edward Steinfeld (MIT Department of Political Science), in collaboration with Qinghua (Tsinghua) University School of Public Policy and Management.

July 13

18:00: Welcome Reception

Dali Yang, University of Chicago

XUE Lan, Tsinghua University, Beijing

20:00 Dinner

July 14

9:00-9:30:  Intro to the Conference and Introductions:

Gary Herrigel, University of Chicago

Edward Steinfeld, MIT

9:45-11:45 German MNC Experiences in China

Ulrich Juergens, Wissenschaftszentrum, Berlin

Gary Herrigel, University of Chicago

11:45-13:30 Lunch

13:30-15:30 Scandinavian MNC Experiences in China:

Maja Lotz, Copenhagen Business School, Denmark

Inge Ivarsson, Gàteborgs Universitet, Sweden

Claes Gàran Alvstam, Gàteborgs Universitet, Sweden

15:30-16:00 Coffee Break

16:00-18:00 Commercial Collaborations between Chinese and other Asian Partners

Hyeong-ki KWON, Seoul National University, Seoul

GAO Xudong, Tsinghua University, Beijing

ZHOU Yuan, Tsinghua University, Beijing

Conference Adjourns

July 15

9am-11:30am:  Chinese Upgrading Experiences and Role of Government

Eric Thun, Oxford University

SHEN Qunhong, Tsinghua University, Beijing

ZHOU Yuan, Tsinghua University, Beijing

XU, Yuan ,The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Break:  11:30-1:30

13:30-15:30:  Global High Tech and R&D Policy in China

Dieter ERNST, East-West Center, Honolulu Hawaii

CHEN Ling, Tsinghua University, Beijing

15:30-16:00- Break

16:00-18:00:  Industrial Policy, Universities and the Intersection of State Sponsored and Commercial Innovation in Global China

Edward Steinfeld, MIT

DAI Yixin, Tsinghua University, Beijing

LIANG Zheng, Tsinghua University, Beijing

20:00 Dinner


July 16

9:00-11:00  China-MNC Relations in Comparative Perspective: Mexico & Vietnam

Enrique Dussel Peters, UNam, Mexico City, Mexico

Tu Anh Vu, Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University

11:00-13:30-  Break

13:30-16:00:  Summary Comment, General Discussion, Future Planning

Jonathan Zeitlin, University of Amsterdam


About the Speakers and Panelists

Claes Goran ALVSTAM is a Professor of International Economic Geography at the School of Business, Economics and Law at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, and currently holds the Ragnar and Torsten Söderberg Chair in Economic Sciences at the School. He acted as Vice Dean for Research and International Relations at the School between 2003 and 2009, and was appointed in 2008 as Special Advisor to the Vice-Chancellor at the University. His research interests include foreign trade, foreign direct investment, the internationalization process of the firm, technology and knowledge transfer, global production networks, European economic integration and the economic transformation process in East and Southeast Asia.

CHEN Ling is an Associate Professor and Assistant Director of Industrial Development and Environmental Governance (CIDEG) at the School of Public Policy and Management, Tsinghua University, China. Her research fields are public policy process, science and technology policies and high-tech industrial policies. In recent years, she conducted research on the low carbon innovation of the automobile industry, indigenous innovation policy and China’s semiconductor industrial policy. She received her Bachelor of Arts in 1998, her Master’s Degree in Economics in 2001, and Ph.D. in Public Management at Tsinghua University in 2005.

DAI Yixin is an Assistant Professor in the School of Public Policy and Management at Tsinghua University.  Dr. Dai’s research focuses on science and technology policy, technological innovation based energy policy, research methodology, and general public administration theory. Her current research studies the university’s role in the national innovation system both in China’s special institutional environment and on an international comparative basis. Dai’s articles are published in the Journal of Public Policy Analysis and Management, Chinese Soft Science, Chinese Journal of Population, Resources and Environment. She has presented papers at the Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management (APPAM), Annual Conference of Technology Transfer Society (T2S), Midwest Political Science Association Annual Meeting, and other national conferences.

Dieter ERNST is a senior East-West Center fellow and was a former senior advisor to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris; a former research director of the Berkeley Roundtable on the International Economy, University of California at Berkeley, and a former professor of international business at the Copenhagen Business School. Dr. Ernst has co-chaired an advisory committee of the US Social Science Research Council to develop a new program on Innovation, Business Institutions and Governance in Asia. He has also served as scientific advisor to several institutions, among them the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development, the World Bank, the National Bureau for Asian Research, the U.N. Conference on Trade and Development, and the U.N. Industrial Development Organization.

FUJIMOTO Takahiro is a Professor of Economics at the University of Tokyo, the Executive Director of the Manufacturing Management Research Center, and a Senior Research Associate at Harvard Business School.  His publications include Introduction to Production Management 1&2, Business Architecture: Strategic Design of Products, Organizations, and Processes, and Successful Product Development. He received his Doctor of Business Administration from Harvard University in 1989.  Fujimoto has also won numerous awards, such as the Nikkei BP/BzTech Book Award and the Japan Academy Prize.

GAO Xudong is a senior research fellow and Vice Director of the Tsinghua University Research Center for Technological Innovation. His major research interests are strategic management, technology strategy, and management of technological innovation. He holds a Ph.D. in Management from the MIT Sloan School of Management, a M.A. in Industrial Economics from the Renmin University of China, and a B.E. in Industrial Management Engineering from the Harbin Institute of Technology.

Gary HERRIGEL is a Professor of Political Science at the University of Chicago. He is the author of Manufacturing Possibilities: Creative action and industrial recomposition in the US, Germany and Japan (Oxford 2010), and Industrial Constructions: The Sources of German Industrial Power (Cambridge 1995). He is also co-editor of Americanization and its Limits: Reworking American Technology and Management in Post-War Europe and Japan (Oxford 2000) (with Jonathan Zeitlin).  Herrigel has published many book chapters and journal articles on comparative political economy, business history, economic geography and industrial relations.

Inge IVARSSON is a Professor in Economic Geography at the School of Business, Economics and Law, Göteborg University, Sweden. His research focuses mainly on international technology transfer from Swedish TNC to local suppliers in Asia and Latin America. His most recent article, Upgrading in Global Value-Chains: A Case Study of Technology-Learning among IKEA-Suppliers in China and South East Asia, is jointly written with Claes G. Alvstam, published in Journal of Economic Geography, Vol. 11 (2011), No. 4. pp. 731-752.

Ulrich JURGENS is a Professor at Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung.  His research fields focus on work organization and human resource management systems, systems of innovation and technology transfer, industrial policies, corporate goverence, and labor and labor market.  His published works include Working on the Car of the Future: Product Innovations and Perspectives for the Employees, New Product Development and Production Networks: Global Industrial Experience, and Breaking from Taylorism: Changing Forms of Work in the Automobile Industry

Hyeong-ki KWON is an Associate Professor of Political Science at Seoul National University. Since graduating from the University of Chicago in 2002, he has studied the changes in various governing regimes of advanced economies under globalization, such as the U.S., Germany, Ireland, and Japan. His publications in comparative politics include Fairness and Division of Labor in Market Societies (2004) and articles in major journals including Politics & Society, Theory and Society, Comparative Political Studies, and Economic and Industrial Democracy.

Zheng LIANG is an Associate Professor of the School of Public Policy and Management, Tsinghua University. He is also a research fellow and Assistant Director of China Institute for Science &Technology Policy at Tsinghua University (CISTP).  CISTP is jointly established by Ministry of Science and Technology of China and Tsinghua University, and focuses mainly on the studies of S&T policy and the national strategy of S&T development. Before entering Tsinghua, Dr. Liang served as an associate professor of the International Business School in Nankai University. He received his doctorate in economics at Nankai University and published his monograph on the Economics of Science, Technology and Innovation (2004). The main areas of his research now focus on Globalization of R&D, IPRs and standards, National Innovation System, etc. Dr. Liang has published more than 40 papers in academic journals and 10 books as co-author.

Maja LOTZ is an Assistant Professor at the Department of Business and Politics, Copenhagen Business School. Currently she is a Post-Doctoral Fellow at Stanford University. Rooted within the field of Organizational Sociology, she researches in new forms of work organization, co-creation, learning and experimental governance within and across various organizational settings (such as teams, units and firms). In particular, she has studied the dynamics of everyday work roles, communities and work-organizing practices enabling mutual learning and innovative co-creation in current economic organizations.

Enrique Dussel PETERS is a Professor at the Graduate School of Economics, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), 1993 to present, and serves as a consultant for several Mexican and international institutions. He received his B.A. and M.A. in Political Science at the Free University of Berlin, and his Ph.D. in Economics at the University of Notre Dame. His research topics include: economic development, political economy, industrial organization and trade theory, NAFTA and CAFTA, evolution of industrial, trade and regional patterns in Latin America and Mexico. He served as Coordinator of the Area of Political Economy at the Graduate School of Economics at UNAM (2004-2008) and Coordinator of the Center for Chinese-Mexican Studies at the National Autonomous University of Mexico (since 2006). Publications include Polarizing Mexico: The Impact of Liberalization Strategy.

SHEN Qunhong is an Associate Professor in the School of Policy and Management at Tsinghua University.  She received her Ph.D. from Nanjing University.  Shen’s areas of research include innovation and knowledge management, human resource management, and organization theory.

Edward STEINFELD is a Professor of Political Economy in the MIT Department of Political Science and co-director of the China Energy Group in the MIT Industrial Performance Center. Steinfeld received his B.A., M.A., and Ph.D. in political science from Harvard University. In addition to a variety of academic articles, Steinfeld is the author of Playing Our Game: Why China’s Rise Doesn’t Threaten the West (Oxford, 2010) and Forging Reform in China: The Fate of State-Owned Industry (Cambridge, 1998). Steinfeld is the author of numerous articles in both academic and non-academic journals, including Comparative Politics, Political Studies, World Development, The Far Eastern Economic Review, The Washington Post, The Wall Street Journal, and The South China Morning Post.

Eric THUN is the Peter Moores University Lecturer in Chinese Business Studies in the Saïd Business School at the University of Oxford.  His primary interest is the political economy of China.  In his current research, Thun is analyzing how the structure of industries and markets in China affect the ability of Chinese firms to build capabilities.  More generally, he is interested in the strategy of indigenous and multinational firms in emerging markets.  Thun’s book, “Changing Lanes in China: Foreign Direct Investment, Local Governments and Auto Sector Development” was published by Cambridge University Press in 2006. His work has also appeared in World Development, World Business, Politics & Society and the Journal of East Asian Studies.

VU Thanh Tu Anh is the director of research at the Fulbright Economics Teaching Program in Ho Chi Minh City, and a research fellow at the Harvard Kennedy School. His primary research interests include public finance, economic development, and industrial policy.  Dr. Tu Anh teaches regularly in the Fulbright School’s executive education and policy dialogue initiatives with the Vietnamese government. He serves as a member of the Consultative Group of the Vietnamese National Assembly’s Economic Committee. He is also a member of the Scientific Committee at Vietnam National University in Ho Chi Minh City. He is currently an op-ed columnist for the Saigon Economic Times, a leading economic and business journal in Vietnam. Dr. Tu Anh received his PhD degree in economics from Boston College.

Volker WITTKE is a Professor at the Georg-August University.  He is the Managing Director of the Sociological Research Institute Gottingen at the Georg-August University.  His ongoing research projects include Global components production: Challenges for German locations in global production and innovation systems of the supplier industry and Global Components: A Research Consortium on the Restructuring of Supply Chains in the Old Line Manufacturing Industries in the U.S. and Europe.  He received his Ph.D. from Georg-August University Gottingen.

XU Yuan is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Geography and Resource Management, the Chinese University of Hong Kong. His research interests are on China’s energy and environmental policies in the power sector from two major aspects, the cleanup of electricity supply and the development of associated industries. One key area of his recent work covers China’s SO2 mitigation goals, the installation and operation of SO2 scrubbers in coal power plants, the transfer of SO2 scrubbing technologies to China, and the dramatic reduction of installation costs. Yuan holds a Ph.D. degree in public policy from Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University. His postdoctoral training was conducted at Industrial Performance Center, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

XUE Lan is a Dean and Professor at the School of Public Policy and Management at Tsinghua University in Beijing, China.  Xue is also a nonresident senior fellow at the Brookings Institution, whose research focuses on science and technology policies and the impacts of globalization.  He received his Ph.D. from Carnegie Mellon University.  Recent publications include “University Technology Transfer and Commercialization: A Case of Tsinghua University,” co-authored with Yixin Dai.

Jonathan ZEITLIN is a Professor of Public Policy and Governance at the University of Amsterdam.  He taught previously for many years at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, where he directed the European Union Center of Excellence and the Center for World Affairs and the Global Economy. He has written widely on European and transnational governance and business organization. Recent publications include: Pragmatic Transnationalism: Governing across Borders in the Global Economy, Socio-Economic Review 2011; Inter-Firm Relations in Global Manufacturing: Disintegrated Production and Its Globalization (co-authored with Gary HERRIGEL), in Glenn Morgan et al. (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Institutional Analysis; Experimentalist Governance in the European Union: Towards a New Architecture (co-edited with Charles Sabel).

Yuan (Joseph) ZHOU is an Assistant Professor at School of Public Policy and Management, Tsinghua University (China). He received his PhD degree (technology management) from the University of Cambridge (UK) in 2010. Prior to his PhD study, Joseph was a manager at Cascadia Capital (China) on technology commercialization & transfer practice. Prior to that, he was a manager at Nanyang Techno-entrepreneurship Centre at Nanyang Technological University (NTU, Singapore), involving in technology entrepreneurship development activities. Joseph holds a B.Eng (mechanical engineering) and M.Sc (robotics design) from NTU.