Richard Payne on the Origins of a Multipolar World Order in Late Antiquity

12:00 am–5:00 pm

Jun.
24

Richard Payne, the Neubauer Family Assistant Professor in the Department of Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations and the Oriental Institute at the University of Chicago, spoke to a packed audience at the Center in Beijing on June 24, 2015. During late antiquity, China and Iran developed ever more intimate cultural, economic and political relations. The political unification of the so-called Silk Road under nomadic rulers – Xiongnu/Huns and Turks – precipitated unprecedented economic growth in the regions between Gansu and Northeastern Iran. Chinese and Iranian elites participated in these trans-Eurasian mercantile networks, but also came to share common enemies in the Xiongnu/Huns and Turks that contested their respective spheres of political supremacy. As a consequence, Iran cultivated diplomatic relations with the Northern Wei, Sui, and Tang dynasties that culminated in the mutual recognition of Iranian and Chinese sovereignties within a multipolar world order.

Richard Payne completed a doctorate in history at Princeton University. Payne was awarded the Bliss Prize from Dumbarton Oaks, the Crisp Fellowship from Phi Beta Kappa, a research fellowship from the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) and a visiting research scholarship from the Institute for the Study of the Ancient World at New York University. He was elected a research fellow of Trinity College, University of Cambridge.

Richard Payne is a historian of the Iranian world in late antiquity, ca. 200–800 CE. His research focuses primarily on the dynamics of Iranian imperialism, specifically how the Iranian (or Sasanian) Empire successfully integrated socially, culturally, and geographically disparate populations from Arabia to Afghanistan into enduring political networks and institutions. His current book project, “A State of Mixture: Christians, Zoroastrians, and the Making of the Iranian Empire,” explores the problem of religious diversity within the empire, showing how Syriac-writing Christians could create a place for themselves in a political culture not of their own making.

 

古典晚期多元世界秩序的起源:波斯、中国和丝绸之路

古典晚期,中国和波斯发展出了更加紧密的文化、经济和政治联系。在游牧民族统治者——匈奴——控制下沿丝绸之路形成的政治联盟,给甘肃和波斯东北部之间这一地区带来了史无前例的经济增长。中国和波斯的精英阶层都参与到跨欧亚大陆的贸易往来之中,同时也形成了共同的敌人——匈奴人挑战了他们各自的政治霸权。作为结果,波斯发展了与北魏、隋朝和唐朝的政治关系,并最终形成了多元世界秩序中对波斯和中国统治的共同认可。

Richard Payne自普林斯顿大学获博士学位。他曾获美国大学优等生荣誉学会、德国DAAD等机构的各种奖项,还被选为剑桥大学三一学院研究学者。

Richard Payne是一位研究古典晚期波斯的学者。他的研究集中在波斯帝制、特别是波斯帝国(萨珊王朝)如何成功地把从阿拉伯半岛至阿富汗这一广大地域里生活的人群,他们的社会、文化、地理各自迥异,却成功地融合到一个坚固的政治体系中。